lundi 31 octobre 2011

Number of elected women: Tunisia vs. other countries



Those that follow politics in Arab countries know that Tunisia is a model when it comes to respect of women rights. The situation isn’t always perfect, particularly in the southern regions, but things are improving gradually. Among young people, attitudes are similar to those encountered in most modern countries in Europe and America.

The results of the first free election in the country and the way it unfolded are examples of this.

In fact, remember the historic decision taken by the ISIE (Independent High Authority for the Elections) last April of imposing parity between men and women on electoral lists. Not only was this resolution implemented across the country but it was accepted by all parties without any opposition.

This allowed for a respectable number of women to be elected on October 23rd. In total, 22.6% of the seats in the Assembly (49 out of 217) were won by women candidates.

For a first time election, these results are noteworthy especially when we compare them with the most developed countries in the world. The tables below present statistics on the percentage of women elected in other nations. Note that according to the standings of the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Tunisia is in 51st place in terms of feminine representation in parliament.



America vs Tunisia (%)




Tunisia
22,6




Argentina
38,5
Quebec
(Canadian province)
29,6
Mexico
26,2
Canada
24,7
Peru
21,5
United-States
16,6
Brazil
8,6

We see that Tunisia has more women in its Assembly that the United States Congress and isn’t also far behind Canada and the province of Quebec.



Europe vs Tunisia ( %)


Tunisia
22,6


Belgium
39,3
Spain
36,6
Germany
32,8
Portugal
26,5
United Kingdom
22
Czech Republic
22
France
20,7
Poland
20
Italy
19,7
Romania
11,4

It is worth noting that Tunisia has a higher percentage than France and the United Kingdom.



Balkans vs Tunisia (%)


Tunisia
22,6




Macedonia
30,9
Croatia
23,5
Serbia
21,6
Bulgaria
20,8
Greece
17,3
Albania
16,4

Except for Macedonia, Tunisia has as many or more women in parliament than most Balkan countries.



Scandinavia vs Tunisia ( %)


Tunisia
22,6




Sweden
45
Iceland
42,9
Finland
42,5
Norway
39,6
Denmark
38

Scandinavian nations unquestionably have the highest ratio of elected women.



Other countries vs Tunisia ( %)


Tunisia
22,6




South Africa
44,5
Australia
27,9
Indonesia
18
Israel
17,5
South Korea
14,7
Turkey
14,2
Japan
11,25
India
10,8
Lebanon
3,1

Tunisia is already ahead of Israel, Japan and Turkey – a country that is regularly presented as a model in the Arab world.

Souad Abderrahim
N.B: Still on the subject of women in Tunisian politics, the most recent rumour emanating from Tunisia-live.net is that the Islamic party Ennahda would soon put forward their star candidate Souad Abderrahim, elected in Tunis II, for the position of President of the Assembly. Mrs Abderrahim, a 46 year old pharmacist and mother of two children, was very active in student union movements in the 80’s. During the electoral campaign she drew media attention with her strong personality and because she was a rare Ennahda candidate not wearing the veil, a fact that the party often alluded to.

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